Holguin                                                                                               Holguín Province has an area of 3590 square miles (9300,46 square kilometers) and a population of a little over a million. Most of the people live in urban areas. Its capital, which is also called "the city of parks," was founded in 1720 and has a strong Hispanic influence. The right-angle grid of its streets was an innovation in its time and made it possible for Maceo and Libertad Streets, two of the main thoroughfares, to link a large number of parks and public squares, which have been kept just the way they have always looked. It is a city with a busy cultural life, made famous by two very different popular figures: "El Guayabero" and the burro of Mayabe. In over 25 miles (40 kilometers), the northern coastline of Holguín has 41 beaches. Guardalavaca and the Esmeralda, Pesquero, Turquesa  Beaches are the most popular ones among foreign tourists.


The most beautiful Bay in Cuba: Bahia del Naranjo

It was not pure coincidence that Cuba was selected as a layover point for ships en route to the states from Europe. Its bays have always been perfect for fuel stops, waiting for a hurricane to pass, or hiding out from pirates. Holguin has many georgeous harbors, and its Bahia de Nipe is the biggest in Cuba, but the Bahia del Naranjo is by far the most appealing. its 32 km of coasts include five natural caves, seven untouched keys and 6 km coral reefs. Bahia del Naranjo has been covered into a Nature Park, full of edemic species of flora and fauna. The area offers not only beaches and warm water, but a replete belt of vegatation along the coastline that can provide days of fascinating for nature lovers.  The Cayo Naranjo Aquarium is beside diving also a beautiful surprise in the park . In the center of the bay, accessible by boat, its number one atraction is the dolphin show, a fun filled act for young and old alike.  Visit also the sea lion Vito.


Pesquero & Turquesa Beach has scores of fascinating natural sites, both under and above water; Don Lino Beach combines open areas, architecture and the natural surroundings; and Blanca Beach is very close to Bariay Cay, where Admiral Christopher Columbus first set foot on Cuban soil, during his first voyage to the New World.

Saetía Cay is northeast of Holguín. This natural spot has 12 virgin beaches. On the other side of the city, to the southwest, La Mensura National Park, in Pinares de Mayarí, has tropical mountain vegetation and thick pine woods, which contrast impressively.

Banes, the archaeological capital of Cuba; Gibara, also known as the Villa Blanca (White Settlement); and the capital of the province, also called Holguín, are the main towns and cities in this region, which is still just as enchanting as when Columbus stumbled upon it over 500 years ago and described it as "the most beautiful land that human eyes have ever seen."

Hispanic influence: The May Festival, which is held every year on May 3 and 4, is a clear expression of the strong Hispanic influence which remains in Holguín. This festival, which is one of the province's most-deeply-rooted traditions, consists of a pilgrimage to the Loma de la Cruz (Hill of the Cross) which winds up with lively festivities and the raising of a flag that bears the symbol of the city: the Holguín ax.

Diving Places

The Diving area is 11 miles (18 kilometers) long and has 3 excellent scuba-diving centers: two DC at Guardalavaca Beach and one DC at Esmeralda Beach with service to Playa Pesquero and Playa Turquesa. The seabed is uneven and complex, with high hillocks, caves, small valleys and cliffs with vertical walls that descend gently in places to form terraces covered with Common Sea Fans (Gorgonia spp.), other gorgonians and coral. Enchanting coral reefs are the main features in the shallower water, and Coral Garden is, unquestionably, one of the most impressive of the many scuba-diving sites in this fascinating area.



This tropical Eden is a Cuban Paradise. It is a tiny band of sand lost in the sea, protected by a coral reef on one side and lush green leaves on the other side.


Guarda la Vaca - Hide the Cow: There are two contenting legends as to the origine of its name. The first part, from the spanish verb “vaca” is cow. Some say it was the prefered burial ground of pirates treasure chests, which they used to call their “vacas”, but distant relatives of the area´s original inhabitants insist that it comes from the warning call of their terrorized forefathers when they saw the pirate sails on the horizon, coming in for another pillage: Guarda la vaca - hide the cow!!


On October 27, 1492, when Christopher Columbus landed on this paradies place, he whispered to himself:” I have never laid eyes on such beautiful land”, which is now called HOLGUIN.

Sea Lovers
Guardalavaca DC